Medication-Assisted Treatment

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At Peachtree Detox, we understand the complexities of addiction. We know that the treatment options that work best for one individual might not be as well-suited for another. This is why we offer medication-assisted treatment (MAT) as a component of our detoxification services. MAT combines medication with counseling and behavioral therapies to provide a holistic approach to substance use disorder treatment. To learn more about utilizing medication as part of an integrated detox program, contact us today. 

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What is Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT)?

Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) is an evidence-based practice that uses FDA-approved medications in conjunction with counseling and behavioral therapies to treat substance use disorders. This approach is primarily used to alleviate withdrawal symptoms, reduce cravings, and lower the potential for misuse. MAT is not a one-size-fits-all solution; it is tailored to meet the individual needs of each patient, taking into account the nature of their addiction and their overall health and wellbeing.

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Types of Medications Used to Medication-Assisted Treatment

The types of medications used in MAT depend on the specific substance use disorder being treated. Common medications include:

  • Methadone: Used primarily for opioid addiction, it reduces cravings and withdrawal symptoms without producing the high associated with opioid misuse.
  • Buprenorphine: Also used for opioid addiction, it works similarly to methadone but can be prescribed by certified physicians outside of specialized clinics.
  • Naltrexone: Used for both opioid and alcohol use disorders, it blocks the euphoric effects and feelings of intoxication.
  • Acamprosate: Specifically for alcohol use disorder, it helps reduce cravings and the desire to drink.

Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder

MAT for opioid use disorder involves medications like buprenorphine, which helps manage withdrawal symptoms and cravings. These medications are most effective when combined with behavioral therapies and counseling, providing a comprehensive treatment approach that addresses both the physical and psychological aspects of opioid addiction.

At Peachtree Detox, we might utilize the following medications if deemed medically appropriate.

Buprenorphine

Buprenorphine is a partial opioid agonist. It also binds to opioid receptors but activates them less strongly than full agonists like methadone or heroin. This property helps to reduce cravings and withdrawal symptoms while also having a ceiling effect that lowers the risk of misuse, dependency, and side effects.

Buprenorphine is often preferred due to its safety profile and because it can be prescribed by certified physicians outside of specialized clinics, making it more accessible.

Naltrexone (Vivitrol)

Naltrexone is an opioid antagonist. Unlike methadone and buprenorphine, it does not activate the opioid receptors at all. Instead, it blocks them, preventing any opioid drug from producing euphoric effects.

Naltrexone is used to prevent relapse. It’s typically prescribed after detoxification, and it’s useful for individuals who have already completed withdrawal. It’s available in both pill form and as a monthly injection.

Suboxone (Buprenorphine and Naloxone combination)

Suboxone combines buprenorphine with naloxone, an opioid antagonist. Buprenorphine provides the agonist effect to reduce cravings and withdrawal symptoms, while naloxone is included to deter misuse (as naloxone will block the effects of opioids if Suboxone is injected instead of taken as prescribed).

Suboxone is effective in reducing opioid misuse and is safer in cases of overdose compared to full opioid agonists. The presence of naloxone in the formula reduces the potential for abuse.

Medication-Assisted Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder

For alcohol use disorder, MAT typically involves medications like naltrexone and acamprosate. These medications help reduce the craving for alcohol and the pleasure associated with drinking, making it easier for individuals to abstain from alcohol use. As with opioid use disorder, these medications are most effective when used in conjunction with counseling and behavioral therapies.

Disulfiram (Antabuse)

Disulfiram works by interfering with the body’s ability to metabolize alcohol. When someone taking Disulfiram consumes alcohol, they experience unpleasant effects like nausea, vomiting, headache, and flushing. These adverse reactions create a deterrent to drinking.

Disulfiram is effective for individuals who are motivated to stay abstinent and need a strong deterrent to prevent relapse. It is often used after the initial detox phase.

Naltrexone

Naltrexone is an opioid antagonist that blocks the euphoric and sedative effects of alcohol. It reduces the pleasure derived from drinking, which can help decrease the desire to drink more.

Naltrexone is suitable for reducing heavy drinking and maintaining abstinence. It can be taken in pill form or as a monthly injection (Vivitrol) and is often prescribed after detoxification.

Acamprosate (Campral)

Acamprosate works by restoring the balance of certain chemicals in the brain that are disrupted by long-term alcohol use. It helps to reduce cravings and the psychological urge to drink.

Acamprosate is most effective for individuals who have already stopped drinking and are trying to maintain abstinence. It is particularly helpful in managing the long-term withdrawal symptoms that can lead to relapse.

Benefits of Medication-Assisted Treatment

Many benefits go hand-in-hand with medication-assisted treatment. 

MAT has been shown to:

  • Improve survival rates among those with severe substance use disorders.
  • Increase retention in treatment.
  • Decrease illicit opiate use and other criminal activity among people with substance use disorders.
  • Increase ability to gain and maintain employment.
  • Improve birth outcomes among women who have substance use disorders and are pregnant.

How Can Medication-Assisted Treatment Help After Detox?

Post-detox, MAT plays a crucial role in sustaining recovery and preventing relapse. By managing withdrawal symptoms and reducing cravings, MAT helps individuals focus on their long-term recovery goals. Continued counseling and behavioral therapies post-detox ensure that clients receive comprehensive support during their recovery journey.

Medication-Assisted Treatment Options in Atlanta, Georgia

Peachtree Detox is proud to offer MAT services in Atlanta, Georgia. Our team of experienced healthcare professionals is dedicated to providing the highest quality care, tailoring our MAT programs to meet the unique needs of each individual. We are committed to helping our clients achieve lasting recovery and a return to a fulfilling, substance-free life. For more information on our MAT services in Atlanta, please contact us directly.

We Work With Most Major Insurance

Did you know most major health insurance plans with out-of-network benefits can help cover most of the costs associated with our program? Click below to find out your coverage and treatment options for our detox centers in Atlanta, Georgia.